The State Board for Prevention and Control of Water Pollution, Meghalaya was constituted by the Government of Meghalaya on the Sixteenth Day of November, Nineteen Eighty Three in pursuance of the Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1974. After the enactment of the Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1981, the enforcing responsibility of the Act was entrusted to the Board. The Board was later renamed as Meghalaya State Pollution Control Board in 1988. The functions of the Board are as laid down under Section 17 of the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 and Section 17 of the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.
Besides the enforcement of the Water Act and the Air Act, the Board is also enforcing the following Acts, Rules and Notifications: -
- The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess Act, 1977, and as amended by Amendment Act in 1991.
- The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess Rules, 1978.
- The Hazardous Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1989.
- The Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemicals Rules, 1989.
- The Manufacture, Use, Import, Export & Storage of Hazardous Micro organism or Cells Rules, 1989.
- The Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991.
- The Environmental Impact Assessment Notification, 1994.
- The Chemical Accidents (Emergency Planning, Preparedness & Response) Rules, 1996.
- The Bio-Medical Wastes (Management & Handling) Rules, 1998
- The Recycled Plastics Manufacture and Usage Rules, 1999.
- The Fly Ash Notification, 1999.
- The Noise Pollution (Regulation and Control) Rules, 2000.
- The Ozone Depleting substances (Regulation) Rules, 2000.
- The Municipal Solid Wastes (Management & Handling) Rules, 2000.
- The Batteries (Management & Handling) Rules 2001.
The Central Office of the Board is located in Shillong. At present, the Board does not have any Regional or District Offices. The Central Office is responsible for framing general policies relating to enforcement of the Acts and Rules. It also looks after the general administration and coordination with other agencies. Besides, it takes up public awareness programmes on matters relating to environment protection and pollution control. The Central Laboratory is well equipped and carries out analysis of samples of water, waste water, stack emission, ambient air, bacteriological tests etc.